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  • Writer's pictureTodd

International Classes 6-10



Class 6 is for metal goods.


This includes alloys, ores, metal materials for construction, transportable buildings of metal, non-electric cables and wires of common metal, small items of metal hardware, metal containers for storage or transport; and safes.


Examples of metals in class 6 include foil for further processing such as 3D printers; metal for railroad tracks; bolts, screws, and nails; prefabricated housing made of metal; aluminum foil used in kitchens; and statues and busts made of metal.


An example of a trademark in class 6 is Reynold’s Wrap for aluminum foil sheets and rolls.


Other goods in class 6 are anchors, anvils, handcuffs, and keys of metal. Bells of metal that are non-electric and bells for animals are in class 6. However, alarm bells are in class 9, bicycle bells are in class 12, musical instrument handbells are in class 15, and doorbells are in class 20.


Class 7 is for machinery.


It includes machines, machine tools, motors, engines, 3D printers, industrial robots, road-sweeping machines, bulldozers, and snowplows. An example of a mark in Class 7 is CAT, the short version of Caterpillar, for “Machinery for earth moving,”

Note that motors and engines for land vehicles are in class 12, not class 7. Also, certain special machines are in different classes, such as respirators in class 10 and refrigerating apparatus and machines in class 11.


Class 8 is for hand tools.

Class 8 includes hand-operated agricultural, gardening, carpentry, and landscaping tools. Handles for knives and scythes are also in class 8. Other items in class 8 are Knives, forks, and spoons. Razors, curling irons, tattoo guns, axes, ear-piercing apparatus, nail files, chisels, harpoons, ice picks, machetes, sledgehammers, and swords are all in class 8.


An example of a mark in Class 8 is ZWILLING for table cutlery, namely, knives, forks and spoons; kitchen knives; scissors; and knife sharpeners. Class 8 does not include surgical cutlery which is in class 10, and paper knives and paper shredders for office use are in class 16. Other items with handles are classified based on their function and purpose, like umbrella handles in class 18, and broom handles in class 21.


Class 9 is for electrical and scientific apparatus.


Class 9 is mainly for instruments with a scientific or research purpose; audio visual and information technology equipment; and safety and life-saving equipment. These goods can include earplugs for divers, fire extinguishers, GPS devices, traffic lights, sound alarms, magnifying glasses, peepholes, magnets, smartwatches, cases for smartphones, and automated teller machines. Class 9 also includes baby monitors, binoculars, camcorders, computers, digital signs, encoded key cards, fuses, life jackets, laptop computers, pedometers, plumbobs, radios, telescopes, thermostats, weight belts for divers, exposed X-ray films, and so much more!


Music apparatus in class 9 includes wah-wah pedals, downloadable music files, downloadable sheet music, printed sheet music, jukeboxes, microphones, subwoofers, and metronomes. We have a lot to choose from in Class 9, but a famous one is Apple Computer for computers, computer hardware, computer monitors, computer keyboards, etc.


Not in class 9: Joysticks used for video games would be in class 28, and vehicle joysticks would be in class 12. Coin-operated washing machines are in class 7. Diving lights are in class 11. Protective padding for sports is in class 28.


Class 10 is for medical apparatus.


This includes surgical, medical, dental, and veterinary apparatus, and instruments that are used generally for diagnosis, treatment, or improvement of functions of persons or animals. Class 10 includes support bandages, orthopedic bandages, compression garments, condoms, operating tables, and armchairs for medical or dental purposes. This would also include anesthetic masks, bed pans, crutches, forceps, inhalers, lice combs, scalpels, and teething rings.


An example of a mark in class 10 is TROJAN for prophylactic membranous articles for the prevention of contagious diseases.


Not included in class 10 are bandages, gauze, diapers for babies, and tampons, which can be found in international class 5. Wheelchairs can be found in class 12. Massage tables and hospital beds are in class 20.


Please note that the information contained in this article is intended for general informational purposes only and not as specific legal advice. The facts of your situation may differ from this general information. It is not intended to and does not in any way establish an attorney-client relationship.


If you wish to schedule a consultation, let’s work together on your trademark needs

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