top of page
  • Writer's pictureTodd

International Classes 11-15

Class 11 is for environmental control apparatus.

Generally, this includes apparatus for the purposes of lighting, cooking, cooling, and sanitizing. Some examples in class 11 are ovens, microwave ovens, chimney flues, luminous tubes for lighting, lamps, tanning beds, toilets, urinals, chocolate fountains, coffee machines, and ice machines. Other goods in class 11 are air fryers, bidets, air conditioning fans, fog machines, fountains, humidifiers, hydrants, and refrigerators.

An example of a mark in class 11 is NINJA for air fryer.

Not included in class 11 are electrically heated pads for medical purposes which are in class 10. Ovens for laboratory use are in class 9. Cooking utensils like non-electric griddles are in class 21.

Class 12 is for vehicles.

This is for vehicles that transport people or goods by land, air, or water. Class 12 includes motors and engines for land vehicles, air cushion vehicles, remote control vehicles other than toys, steering wheels, and bumpers. Aircraft, boats, canoes, carts, forklift trucks, helicopters, oars, rudders, seaplanes, ships, ski lifts, snowmobiles, wheelbarrows, and yachts are all in class 12.

An example of a mark in Class 12 is TESLA for apparatus for locomotion by land, air or water, namely, cars, boats, and airplanes; and also electric automobiles. Motors and engines that are not for land vehicles are in class 7; tricycles that are for infants are toys in class 28; electric batteries for cars are in class 9.

Class 13 is for firearms.

Class 13 includes firearms, ammunition, projectiles, explosives, and fireworks. Some specific examples are rescue flares, signal rocket flares, air pistols that are weapons, hunting firearms, revolvers, torpedoes, rocket launchers, and hand grenades.

An example of a mark in Class 13 is GLOCK for firearms. Class 13 does not include blades for weapons, which is class 8; percussion caps and air pistols that are toys in class 28; and matches which are in class 34.

Class 14 is for jewelry.

Class 14 is for precious metals, jewelry, clocks, watches, cuff links, key rings, and jewelry boxes. The goods can also include alarm clocks, clock hands, coins, earrings, and sundials. An example of a mark in class 14 is TAG HEUER for horological instruments, namely, watches, wristwatches, and constitutive parts therefor.

Class 14 does not include smartwatches, which you can find in class 9 as we talked about in the last video.

Class 15 is for musical instruments.

This includes musical instruments and accessories, musical boxes, electronic musical instruments, strings, reeds, pegs, and pedals; and tuning forks. Class 15 also includes guitars, accordions, bagpipes, saxophones, cymbals, flutes, gongs, ocarinas, organs, oboes, pianos, trumpets, trombones, xylophones, and violins.

An example of a mark in class 15 is ZILDJIAN for musical instruments; namely, musical percussion instruments. Not included in class 15 are apparatus for recording or amplification of sound, for example, wah-wah pedals, audio mixers, etc., which can be found in class 9, again covered in our last video.

Please note that the information contained in this article is intended for general informational purposes only and not as specific legal advice. The facts of your situation may differ from this general information. It is not intended to and does not in any way establish an attorney-client relationship.

If you wish to schedule a consultation, let’s work together on your trademark needs


bottom of page